In this portrair from Rigaud's workshop, Louis XIV's ceremonial robes, elegant stance, and haughty expression proclaim his exalted status.


Louis XIV's court adored Hyacinthe Rigaud, who helped to formulate what a state portrait should be.

While Rigaud made a credible likeness of the king, his pupose was not to express Louis's character but to glorify the monarchy.


His original Portrait XIV of 1701, now in the Louvre, was so popular that Rigaud had many copies made, both in full and half-length frames, often with the help of assistans. 



Louis XIV Portrait , Attributed to Rigaud beginning 18th century

  • Hyacinthe Rigaud, original name Hyacinthe Francois Honoré Mathias Pierre André Jean Rigau y Ros (baptized July 18, 1659, Perpignan, France - died Dec. 29, 1743, Paris), one of the most prolific and succesful French portrait painters of the Baroque period. 

    He was trained at Montpellier before moving to Lyon and finally to Paris in 1681, where he devoted himself to portraiture.


    By 1688, when he received his first royal commission, he already had a considerable reputation among the wealthier bourgeoisie of Paris.

    From 1690 onward, his work, primarily for the court, consisted almost entirely of portraits.


    A private ambition was realized when he gained admission to the academy as a historical painter in January 1700.


    He excelled in the great formal portrait, as in his famous painting of Louis XIV in robes of state (1701; now in the Louvre).



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